Tulum- Xel-ha

 

 

Tulum

Tulum (Yucatec: Tulu’um) is the site of a Pre-Columbian Maya walled city serving as a major port for Cobá. The ruins are situated on 12-meter (39 ft) tall cliffs, along the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula on the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. Tulum was one of the last cities inhabited and built by the Mayans, it was at its height between the 13th and 15th centuries and managed to survive about 70 years after the Spanish began occupying Mexico. Old World diseases brought by the Spanish settlers appear to have been the cause of its demise. One of the best-preserved coastal Maya sites, Tulum is today a popular site for tourists.

 

The Maya site may formerly have been known by the name Zama, meaning City of Dawn because it faces the sunrise. Tulum stands on a bluff facing east towards the Caribbean Sea. Tulúm is also the Yucatan Mayan word for fence, wall or trench, and the walls surrounding the site allowed the Tulum fort to be defended against invasions. Tulum had access to both land and sea trade routes, making it an important trade hub, especially for obsidian. From numerous depictions in murals and other works around the site, Tulum appears to have been an important site for the worship of the Diving or Descending god. Tulum had an estimated population of 1,000 to 1,600 inhabitants.

 

Tulum was first mentioned by Juan Díaz, a member of Juan de Grijalva’s Spanish expedition of 1518, the first Europeans to spot Tulum. The first detailed description of the ruins was published by John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood in 1843 in the book Incidents of Travel in Yucatan. As they arrived from the sea, Stephens and Catherwood first saw a tall building that impressed them greatly, most likely the great Castillo of the site. They made accurate maps of the site’s walls, and Catherwood made sketches of the Castillo and several other buildings. Stephens and Catherwood also reported an early classic stele at the site, with an inscribed date of AD 564 which is interpreted to mean that it was most likely built elsewhere and brought to Tulum to be reused.

 

Xel-ha

 Xel Ha is an eco-archaeological site that arouse with the Maya Civilization settled on the eastern coastline of the State of Quintana Roo, Mexico. It is located south of Playa del Carmen in the called Riviera Maya. The name is the combination of the roots xel that means ”spring” and ha’ that means ”water”. Xel Ha is the largest natural open sea aquarium in the world, which offers a myriad of land and water activities, ecological attractions, world-class restaurants, and countless more unimaginable experiences, a place to enjoy the biological parade of the Riviera Maya.

 

 

 

Swim with dolphins- Xel Ha Natural Park presents two dolphin swim programs: Interax, where you know these wonderful creatures through contact and games, and Primax, a longer program that features several additional activities including “foot-foot push. Trainers at Xel Ha Park provide a safe environment for dolphins and visitors.

Sea Treak- The Sea Trek in Xel Ha Park is so easy. With the aid of a technologically advanced helmet, Sea trek requires no previous training, diving or otherwise. On the other hand, experts will be close at hand at all times during the activities, aiding every need and satisfying every curiosity concerning the magical, aquatic world.

Snuba- Xel Ha Natural Park offers all the liberty and ease of underwater breathing in one of the most wonderful scenarios imaginable with a sophisticated combination of scuba and snorkel equipment to admire the myriad of fish and marine creatures. Nothing more than snorkeling experience is needed.

Kayaks- The magnificent scenery of Xel Ha Park is great to live a lifetime adventure on a kayak. Vessels are available for individual and twin navigation. No experience is necessary, and there is no additional fee. The only condition is strapping on a life jacket and paddling with enthusiasm to explore the mysteries of an eon-aged monument.

Snorkel- Xe Ha Park is the world’s most beautiful Natural Aquarium, with no walls and no glass. It is a unique place for underwater exploration. Xel Ha Natural Park houses over 70 recorded species of different kind of fish. The endangered queen conch inhabits Xel Ha Park under careful monitoring and protection. Some temporary visitors to the inlet include sea turtles and manatees.

Xel Ha Park has six snorkel equipment distribution centers located around the inlet, and life-jackets at almost every pier. There is no cost for these services.

Snorkeling School- Xel Ha Natural Park offers a Snorkeling School teaching techniques, responsibility, and use of gear. If you are a fancy learner, you will be at the most beautiful classroom of the world.

Dolphin Treak- With the Dephinus Trek program, into the crystalline waters of Xel Ha Park you can admire the underwater world with the most amazing creatures, dolphins. You will be able to witness every one of their movements being immersed in the water with them.

 

 

Includes: Pick up and drop off at hotel; Taxes and medical insurance; Bilingual guide; Access to Tulum archeological site; Access to Xel-Ha park; Food and domestic drinks all inclusive all day; Towels; Snorkel equipment; Lockers; Bicycles; Inner tubes; Hammocks; Lounge chairs; Life vest, Showers, Eco tour

Not included: At Tulum archeological site personal expenses; Extra beverages; Gratuities.

Recommended: Bring comfortable walking shoes (tennis shoes or sports sandals – no flip-flops); Swimming suit; Extra T-shirt; Extra cash (tips, pictures and souvenirs).

 



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